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فرهاد

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About فرهاد

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  1. سپاس ویژه از ثمین جان و تامکت خان بابت اسکن و پست کردن مقاله ها. خیلی ممنون
  2. البته باید دید در پشت پرده این دولتهای دوست و برادر در عراق در عوض زیر فرش نگهداشتن موضوع غرامت جنگی چه امتیازهایی داده اند
  3. کتاب به نسبت جدید "دفاع معجزه آسا" مربوط به عملکرد پدافند هوایی در عملیات والفجر 8 از جناب سروان رضا جهان فر. دانلود
  4. سپاس AH-1J خان بخاطر تحلیل دقیقتان! اما هنوز برای من خیلی عجیبه که چرا (یا چگونه) تیمسار یا "امیر" ما در یک بازدید رسمی و در برابر دوربین خبرنگاران اینچنین از کوره در رفته.
  5. جالب می شد می دونستیم موضوع بحث تیمسار با برادران چه بوده!!
  6. این گونه اظهارنظرهای خارج از قواره و مسوولیتهای یک فرمانده نظامی - حتا فرمانده نیرو - به دلیل وجود نداشتن پروتکل مشخصی برای حدود طرز برخورد و بیان آقایان فرمانده می باشد، که البته قابل گسترش به تمام کشور است. نوعی مسابقه هم بین آقایان برای هرچه بیشتر سخن گفتن اینچنینی وجود دارد به دلایل مشخص...
  7. جناب آرتمیس لطفن بفرمایید از چه زمانی، و در چه دوره هایی در زمان جنگ، شماره های بدنه (هال نامبِر) ناوچه های کلاس کمان پاک شدند و آیا این کار بغیر از مخفی کردن هویت ناوچه دلیل دیگری هم داشت یا خیر. سپاسگزار
  8. بی نهایت از ثمین جان و کروناس خان عزیز بابت اسکن و آپلود کردن این مقاله ها سپاسگزارم. امیدوارم مورد پسند و استفاده دوستان جوانتر قرار بگیرند. سپاس
  9. جناب شفیعی گرامی از اینکه شما را در محفل خودمان می بینم بسیار خوشوقتم. سپاسگزارم از توضیحاتی که درباره سازگاری سایدوایندر و اسپارو با تامکت فرمودید. البته پیشتر در این زمینه بحثهای مفصلی با استاد مازندرانی عزیز هم داشتیم، اما هنوز پرسشهایی در این زمینه برای من باقی مانده که سپاسگزار می شوم روشنگری بفرمایید. 1) به طور کل چه انواعی از اسپارو برای فانتوم (D و E) و تامکت به ایران تحویل شده بود؟ شما در ص 11 و 15 این تاپیک به تمام انواع AIM-7E, E2, E3, E4 اشاره فرمودید. در بحثهای پیشین به این نتیجه رسیده بودیم که چون ایران منتظر تحویل نوع F اسپارو برای تامکت بود دیگر نه اسپاروی دیگری سفارش داده بود و نه آمریکاییها نوار نرم افزار سیستم جنگ افزار هواپیما را با انواع پایینتر اسپارو سازگار کرده بودند. اگر تا اینجا درسته، نکته مبهم برای من این است که چطور ما اسپاروی E4 هم تحویل گرفته بودیم (حالا چه سازگار با نرم افزار تامکتهای ما چه ناسازگار) در حالی که می دانیم این مدل خاص به طور ویژه برای F-14A (و مثل اینکه F-15) ساخته شده بوده و تا جایی که می دانم ارتباطی با فانتوم نداشته؟ در این صورت چرا تامکتهای ما با موشکی که برای F-14 تعریف شده بوده و ما هم لابد به همین منظور آن را خریده بودیم، سازگار نبودند؟! 2) شما پیشتر فرمودید به دلیل اشکال در LAR گرفتن بموقع، اسپارو می بایست به جای 20 مایلی از 10 مایلی شلیک می شد. با توجه به این موضوع آیا می دانید چند درصد موشکهای اسپاروی زمان جنگ (ایران و عراق) از 10 مایلی و چند درصد از برد بیشتر شلیک شده بود؟ سپاس فراوان
  10. اسناد

    http://www.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=13930702000107 بد نیست دوستانی که گذرشان به آنطرفها افتاد عکسهای باکیفیت تری از اسناد به درد بخور نمایشگاه برای انجمن بگیرند.
  11. یادم میاد زمان جنگ رادیو بغداد ادعا می کرد برادران، بدنه بدون بال یک فانتوم را هم به همین ترتیب روی یک قایق سوار کرده و برای عبور سریع از روی هور آزمایش کرده بودند!! نتیجه هم که واضح است!
  12. قربان مقاله کوتاه جالبی بود، فقط این نکته را باید گفت که حمله به ناو استارک ارتباطی با برخورد کشتی دیگری به مین نداشت، بلکه شاید اصلی ترین دلیل آن ماجرای ایران-کنترا (در واقع افشای آن) بود!!
  13. بسیار جالب بود جناب آرتمیس http://mashal.mop.ir/Fpublic_mashal.htm
  14. Thanks . Will do این موضوع کمابیش برای بیشتر سازمانهای نظامی و غیرنظامی زمان جنگ قابل گسترش است. چند سال پیش در کنفرانسی درباره تاریخ تکنولوژی در فنلاند مقاله ای با محتوای مشابه درباره ساختار سازمانی ابتکارات فنی نیروی هوایی پس از انقلاب ارایه دادم که با استقبال خوبی روبرو شد. فرصت بشه اون مقاله رو هم اینجا می گذارم، البته بر خلاف این یکی برای چاپ ویرایش و آماده نشده.
  15. Burning in water, Drowning in flame Motivation Among the Wartime Iranian Offshore Oilmen Farzin Nadimi On 22 September 1980, the Iraqi armed forces invaded Iran and triggered a war between the two major oil producing states that turned into one of the longest and costliest conflicts of the twentieth century. An integral part of this conflict had been the extensive campaign fought by both protagonists against their opponent’s oil industry, which continued throughout the entire war, with repeated periods of escalation. However, despite a significant and ever-expanding amount of effort by the Iraqi side throughout the eight year war to interdict Iran’s out/in-flow of crude oil and refined products, Iran continued to produce and export its oil without almost a single day of interruption, by organising and running an adaptive oil system. Following the victory of the 1979 revolution in Iran, which sought economic independence and self-sufficiency, assets of all foreign oil companies operating in the country, including those working in the offshore sector, were nationalised, ...almost all foreign experts left Iran, the “purge committees” sacked many Iranian employees, and many more quit by choice. With the consolidation of these assets the National Iranian Offshore Oil Company came into being just as the Iran-Iraq War was about to start. It goes without saying that the purges and departure of foreign and domestic expertise undermined the country’s technical and production capacity, but at the same time the oil industry began embarking on creating a ‘new order’ or ‘culture’, by gradually putting more religious managers in charge, and adopting new hawkish production and pricing policies. More importantly, this new order sparked some unique organizational stimulants that charged many oilmen with national/religious revolutionary fervour. In total, during the war, Iranian offshore oil platforms alone were attacked 147 times from air and sea by Iraq and later the United States. They resulted in killing and wounding more than 100 oilmen under horrific conditions, and causing enormous damage. That was the first time ever, that any offshore oil industry was the target of lethal military action. The enemy attacks reduced the production rate significantly, but despite risks, many platforms had to be kept manned for production, repair or maintenance purposes, as well as for political reasons. It was definitely a first-of-its-kind professional experience for those mostly young platform workers. Now the important question is what motivated those people to work in such an inherently dangerous environment during a long and protracted war. Motivation in the work setting Motivation is without doubt an important factor in an organisational context, and there are a variety of ways to encourage it, and to identify barriers to it. In general; needs and expectations are seen as the main aspects of motivation. Motivation can be defined as a state of mind which persuades a person to follow a course of action with ‘vigour, direction and persistence’. The important point was that those professional oilmen did their job without receiving any extraordinary bonuses or other extrinsic rewards, which contrasted the existing general assumption that employment only means working ‘in return for’ payment or privilege. While the behaviour of the Iranian platformers showed a strong tendency toward self-actualisation, at the same time they interestingly gave very little consideration to the basic needs for shelter, comfort and safety. This behaviour can partly be attributed to the fact that to encourage creativity, inventiveness and originality as means of countering the existing barriers and developing more adaptive behaviours, Iranian oil managers had tried to unlock cultural factors grounded in the oilmen, in the form of religious and revolutionary convictions. This in turn realised the established self-actualisation characteristics of motivation. Substantial intrinsic and social rewards were obtained by formation of a ‘sense of mission’, you can also call it taklif or moral duty, when oilmen kept machines running at all costs and despite all risks, and brought damaged facilities back to operation at record times, much to the amusement of their enemies and independent observers. The war was therefore seen as an opportunity for creativity and innovation to thrive on regardless of outstanding risks and very difficult working conditions. It was the motivation levels that determined which goal hierarchy would be activated at any given time, and the more intense the motivation to achieve a goal, the less attention would be paid to the surroundings. Role of the clergy In such circumstances the role of the revolutionary clergy within the managerial-support system of the Iranian oil industry proved important, to make sure the 'right' goal hierarchy had been in place, although paradoxically, one of the reasons behind recognition of the human needs and their role in motivation and the mental processes associated with their motivated behaviour, had been the systemic order and the high level of work responsibility and dedication built into the oilmen by their former foreign employers and co-workers. Ironically, this level of ‘obtained-expertise’ was all but boosted by the empowerment those oilmen had gained when their general strikes of the revolutionary days (in which the offshore oilmen pioneered) proved instrumental in overthrowing the Pahlavi dynasty... in turn leading to withdrawal of foreign workforce. Having seen their foreign technical mentors hastily depart, ...some even taking away technical manuals and blueprints, the young and the revolutionary-charged, even those who did not directly associate themselves with the revolutionary ideology and fervour, found themselves in a position where they had to promptly develop their newly acquired skills to hands-on managerial and operational practices which had to save lives and preserve extremely vital processes. Existence of a social reward among the oilmen, in the form of having a “sense of common purpose” was crucial. Those oilmen with religious and revolutionary convictions saw their work as service to their revolutionary cause and their religious duty, and Ayatollah Khomeini (the political and spiritual leader of Iran’s revolution) rewarded them by equating their service to praying. This new environment, not only directly helped the managers achieve their strategic targets, but also played a crucial role in the oilmen’s creative performance, helping them break out of performance “scripts” or established “procedures”. It became a common feature of a distinctive group of post-revolutionary “make-do” and “out of the box thinking” oilmen, some of whom later rose to top managerial positions in the oil companies and elsewhere. Oil is very much intertwined with the Iranian society, as well as its revolutionary ideology where it applies, given the oil’s pivotal role in Iran’s economy as well as the overthrow of Iran’s monarchy. A look at Ayatollah Khomeini’s rhetorical speeches or messages for the Iranian oilmen shows how he effectively isolated and highlighted the social-historical factors important to the oilmen which could produce desired psychological effects: rhetorics such as the role of foreign powers and their ‘puppet’ Shah in stealing Iran’s national wealth in return for expensive yet ‘useless’ military hardware; ‘unrelenting exploitation of Iran’s oil and gas resources at bargain prices which brought poverty to the Iranian nation’; selling oil to Israel and South Africa; and the oil powers’ ‘conspiracy to topple the Islamic republic using Saddam Hussein’. Therefore the Iran-Iraq War was portrayed as an extension of the revolution, and the oilmen’s work a continuation of the fighting in the warfronts. For the secular oilmen, though, a fulfilment of patriotic and nationalistic duties was more paramount. War gave the clergy an opportunity to create a new form of identity for the perplexed and weary oilmen, by improvising a self-understanding based on the early Islamic historical context. It was helped with constant comparisons made between the existing situation and the wars of the early Islamic period. The isolated and dangerous life on the remote platforms interestingly caused very little adverse effects on the motivation of the Iranian oilmen, while it helped strengthen the beliefs already embedded with them. The strong sense of identity among the oilmen, empowered by the revolution and war, was turned into a driving force within individuals to do things and achieve goals beyond the normal realms. ----------------- * Main title adopted from the title of the 1974 collection of Charles Bukowski’s poems. و این هم اصل مقاله به زبان ایتالیایی. http://upir.ir/9306/EQUILIBRI-geopolitica-Nadimi.pdf ‘Burning in water, Drowning in flame: La motivazione dei lavoratori delle piattaforme petrolifere in Iran durante la Guerra (Motivation among the wartime Iranian offshore oilmen)’, Equilibri, Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, December 2009, pp. 445-448, Italy